Dome Mountain, Orophi Mountains, Pass Mountain, Goldfield Mountains, Salt River, Tonto National Forest, Mesa Ranger District. Forest recreation passes, necessary for access to the Tonto’s recreation sites and campgrounds, now can be purchased via the Internet. 24 hours, Cave Creek Ranger District The Tonto Daily Pass, Discovery Passes, and Interagency Passes are no longer accepted for camping within Tonto National Forest. Lisez les commentaires de clients réels. Payson, Arizona 85541 State Hwy 88, Tonto National Forest, Roosevelt, AZ 85545. Trouvez des hôtels en Tonto National Forest, us. Tonto National Forest Supervisor’s Office and all Ranger District offices will close on Nov. 11, in observance of Veterans Day . (928) 474-7900, Tonto Basin Ranger District Search. Supervisor's Office This pass is available to the general public and provides access to, and use of, federal recreation sites that charge an Entrance or Standard Amenity Fee. The Tonto National Forest (TNF) offers a wide variety of riding opportunities for Off-Highway Vehicle (OHV) enthusiasts. Info; Alerts; Maps; Calendar; Alerts In Effect Dismiss Dismiss View all alerts × Contact Us. These roads are in wonderful shape and get you out of the city quickly.The landscapes are beautiful to photograph and hiking in the great outdoors is … Read more. Tonto National Forest. Contact Us. Forest Service offices have expanded office hours during heavy use periods in order to provide better customer service. 1 Helpful vote. The Tonto Discovery Pass is an annual pass valid for one year (expires at the end of the month and year punched on the card) from the time of purchase. Purchase your Daily and Watercraft Pass(es) in advance through the … Mesa, Arizona 85205 Consultez les derniers tarifs et les dernières offres en sélectionnant des dates. Contact the Park. Review Highlights “Scenic shoreline” Lots of places to stop and enjoy the scenic views. The following campgrounds require camping passes to be bought at these fee machines. Please note that most Campgrounds on the Forest are through concessionaire, and regular Tonto Passes will not be accepted. This design allows Tonto Daily Passes to be conveniently obtained in advance of forest visits. All Federal Passes (Annual, Senior, Access, Military, Fourth Grade, Volunteer) are accepted. Book an Upper Cliff Dwelling Tour. There are different sites that accept a variation of different passes on the Tonto based on what activity you are planning to do. Ranger stations sell passes, and so do a variety of vendors all over the state. Tonto National Forest. America the Beautiful Interagency Passes are now only accepted at picnicking sites. Our service project will focus on much-needed recovery efforts on wilderness trails in the Eastern Superstition Mountains. Phoenix, Arizona 85006 40202 N. Cave Creek Rd. We will be helping the forest … PDF and HTML Documents: Schedule of Proposed Actions are available on this website in both PDF (Portable Document Format) and HTML page format. National Monument Arizona. The new pass program started … Globe, Arizona 85501 Maintenance of 20+ year old aging facilities – bathrooms, ramadas, boat docks, etc. (928) 402-6200 5140 E. Ingram St. In 1996, the Tonto National Forest began charging use fees at many of the forest’s water based recreation areas under the Recreation Fees Demonstration Act. It is valid for a year from the day you purchase it. Tonto Daily Pass Vendors Anthem Circle K #6671 39414 N. Daisy Mountain Dr. 623-551-1542 Circle K #9189 3502 W. Anthem Way 623-551-9613 Apache Junction Bills Ghost 2933 S. Tomahawk Rd. 41: 5 Alamo Canyon Trail Day hike 46. National Park Service Logo National Park Service. There are Recreation Permits available on the Tonto National Forest so that individuals can receive permission to use certain parts of the Forest. U.S. National Forest Campground Guide Tonto National Forest Campgrounds Arizona Tips for Enjoying Tonto National Forest 21. Water pass… Filtrer par : Note des commentaires. Cost: Free (see note in "how to obtain" for more details) Available for: U.S. citizens or … The Usery Pass and North Bush Highways are only minutes from Mesa. (602) 225-5395. At 3 million acres, it is the fifth largest forest in the US. Tonto National Forest is located in Maricopa County, Arizona. The government has established the America the Beautiful -- the National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Program (national interagency pass) that allows the public to access some fee areas without additional charge. Helpful. 480-288 … Prices for the passes are: Day-use pass: $8. (928) 402-6280, Mesa Ranger District If your activity is not on the list, the “Recreation” tab to the left will list all activities on the forest and pass information. Phoenix, Arizona 85006 Recommended. Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, and U.S. Army Corps of … 1-866-746-6516 If you’re planning a one-time visit to Tonto National Forest, an $8 Daily Pass will get you access to the park. (480) 610-3300, Payson Ranger District Only one sticker will come at request with the purchase of a Tonto Discovery Pass. The Bob Bear Trail provides access to the headwaters of the Fossil Creek Wild and Scenic River and the Fossil Springs Wilderness on the Tonto and Coconino National Forests. 1st time out since I moved here and just getting a lay of the land. Click to view the current SOPA Report . Outdoor Activities . Tonto Daily Passes are hangtags, designed to be self-validating. Tonto National Forest We've Gone Mobile! National Parks, Forests. From Saguaro cactus-filled deserts to ponderosa pine-covered mountains, almost 3 million acres of extraordinary beauty and … A permit holder must be at least 18 years of age and qualified to organize a non-commercial, multiple-day trip, Forest Service Home | USDA.gov | recreation.gov | Recreation Customer Service Standards | USA.gov | Whitehouse.gov, Plug-Ins | FOIA | Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Important Notices | Information Quality, https://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/tonto/passes-permits/?cid=fsbdev3_018733, Full list with descriptions of our passes. The Tonto NF is currently reviewing and analyzing existing condition data as part of an Assessment of ecological, social, and economic conditions on the Forest. There are 130 protected areas in the United States known as national monuments. This pass admits the pass holder plus three adults at Tonto National Monument and other per person fee … Tonto National Forest. The trail conditions range from good to very poor; most are not suitable for motor vehicles of any type. Please see the below list to find our most popular activities and designated pass information for individual sites. We are continuing to work with Maricopa County & Tonto National Forest on permitting approvals for this event. 23: The Low Deserts. Seniors and those with disabilities can get their Tonto Discovery Pass for just $60 a year. Day-use fees at several recreation areas will be waived in honor of Veterans Day on Nov. 11. All of the passes for the Forest are available at each Ranger District. 480-982-2701 Canyon Food Mart 1000 E. Old West Hwy. The Tonto Daily Pass, Discovery Passes, and Interagency Annual Passes are no longer accepted as a “camping” pass … 28079 N. Az Hwy 188 1009 E. Hwy 260 Detailed descriptions of campgrounds in the Tonto National Forest. An America the Beautiful senior pass at the Tonto National Forest in Fort McDowell, Ariz. Travelers 62 and older are scrambling to get lifetime passes by Aug. 28. Tonto Daily Pass Vendors Anthem Circle K #6671 39414 N. Daisy Mountain Dr. 623-551-1542 Circle K #9189 3502 W. Anthem Way 623-551-9613 Apache Junction Bills Ghost 2933 S. Tomahawk Rd. Prices for the passes are: Day-use pass: $8. Visit the Fees and Passes … Both of these routes get you into the Tonto National Forest. 7680 S. Six Shooter Canyon Rd. Scottsdale, AZ 85262 Tonto's many lakes make it particularly great for hot weather: There are plenty of opportunities to enjoy the water by paddling, fishing, and swimming. The PDF file format allows documents to be … The Tonto Senior Discovery and Access Pass are two separate annual passes valid for one year (expiring at the end of the month and year punched on the card) from the time purchased. (480) 595-3300, Globe Ranger District For boating, a Tonto Daily Pass and Watercraft Sticker or Tonto Discovery Pass are required. The Forest Service mission is to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the … Log into Facebook to start sharing and connecting with your friends, family, and people you know. Know before you go! KodoDrummer, Yekaterinburg, Russia “Very Pretty!” Three mile wash area is a very pretty drive but the roads are narrow and unpaved. The retail outlets continue to grow, making it easier for visitors to purchase the pass. 36: 4 Fish Rock Loop Day hike 41. Virtual Services Offered by phone and email. Roosevelt, Arizona 85545 The annual Operating & Maintenance cost to maintain these developed recreation sites is approximately $5,430,000. An America the Beautiful senior pass at the Tonto National Forest in Fort McDowell, Ariz. Travelers 62 and older are scrambling to get lifetime passes by Aug. 28. A valid Tonto Forest OHV Permit issued in their name A valid driver’s license or alternate identification (except those under 16 years of age) An Arizona State OHV Decal (resident or non-resident) attached … Please check to see if you need a pass and make sure you have your pass before you leave for the forest. These roads are in wonderful shape and get you out of the city quickly.The landscapes are beautiful to photograph and hiking in the great outdoors is stress relieving. Ranger District information can be found on the side bar, or at Ranger District Information. Date of experience: February … Search Open Menu Explore This Park; Tonto. Access Pass. Tonto Discovery Vehicle Sticker: Free Interagency Senior or Access Pass holders receive 50% discount (persons over 62 or have a permanent disability) for single camp units only. Purchase your Daily and Watercraft Pass(es) in advance through the Viply mobile app. On average, Tonto National Forest gets about 1.98 inches of precipitation in December. Repeat visitors might want to consider an annual Tonto Discovery Pass for $80. The … Day-use and camping fee sites on the Payson Ranger District are managed by the concessionaire located at Houston Mesa Campground. Most residents are home owners (93%), have a post secondary degree … Reviewed May 21, 2020. (928) 402-6200 Our most popular tours and activities. Payson, Arizona 85541 Contact the Park. Mailing Address: 26260 N AZ Hwy 188 Lot 2 Roosevelt, AZ 85545 . Alerts & Conditions. The retail outlet program is to make it easier and more convenient for forest visitors to purchase a Tonto Pass in advance of their trip or on their way to the forest. Supervisor's Office The national forest includes eight wilderness areas and both high and low country, making it easy to find cooler temps at higher elevations in the summer, and winter-friendly hiking trails down low. Whether you ride motorcycles, ATVs, UTVs/Side-by-Sides (SxS), or full-size four-wheel drive (4WD) vehicles, the TNF provides a diverse scenery ranging from the Saguaro cactus-studded Sonoran Desert to pine-forested mountains beneath the Mogollon Rim. Colorful pottery, woven cotton cloth, and other artifacts tell a story of people living and using resources from the northern Sonoran Desert from 1250 to 1450 CE. This Site All NPS The Tonto Daily passes are not valid at any developed campground. The program continued under the Recreation Enhancement Act passed in 2004. It is meant to be placed on your front windshield and used as a Tonto Discovery Pass. Mesa, Arizona 85205 There are several ways you can purchases Tonto Passes: One of the unique features of the Tonto Pass program is the participation of retail outlets, small and large local businesses that sell the pass at many locations throughout the Phoenix metropolitan area, other Arizona cities and towns, and within the Tonto National Forest. A valid Tonto Forest Motorized Vehicle Use Permit issued in their name A valid driver’s license or alternate identification (except those under 16 years of age) An Arizona State OHV Decal (resident or … Check-in at Bartlett Vista, or the gate in front of the Cave Creek Ranger District Office. Lower Cliff Dwelling The Lower Cliff Dwelling trail is open daily (closed December 25) from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. It is valid for one year beginning from the date of sale. Forest Service Home | USDA.gov | recreation.gov | Recreation Customer Service Standards | USA.gov | Whitehouse.gov, Plug-Ins | FOIA | Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Important Notices | Information Quality, https://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/tonto/passes-permits/recreation/?cid=fseprd518434, Supplies Maintaining 50+ miles of 20 year old water pipeline, Completing water testing and treatment for all of these facilities to keep the drinking water in compliance. 21: Tips for a Happy Camping Trip 22. 26: Bartlett Lake Day hike 31. Book now and pay later with Expedia. 2324 E. McDowell Rd. All fees are addressed in individual campsite webpages. Share. For more information, visit the Nearby Attractions page. Their primary purpose is to provide a variety of opportunities for hikers, bikers and equestrians to enjoy the beauty and challenge of nature. Purchase Tonto National Forest passes online from the My Scenic Drives store. Tonto National Forest surrounds the monument with nearly 3 million acres of varied terrain from the low, cactus-filled Sonoran Desert to forests of tall pines. The Tonto National Forest has Automated Fee Machines for your convenience at designated recreation sites. (480) 595-3300, Globe Ranger District National Park Service Logo National Park Service. Some of the items that are included in these costs are: Out of the 215 Developed Sites, only about 50 of these sites collect fees. Passes are necessary for most of our recreation sites. Some sites on the Tonto National Forest remain closed because of shortages of personal protective equipment for employees, shortage of sanitizing products, and small spaces that force congregations of large groups in violation of Centers for Disease Control guidelines. Last updated: … How to read the SOPA (legend) The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) Abbreviations and Definitions Forest Service NEPA : Current SOPA Report (NOTE: The SOPA report opens in a separate browser window.) Full list with descriptions of our passes. Find out how to reserve a spot on the Upper Cliff Dwelling Tour. Colorful pottery, woven cotton cloth, and other artifacts tell a story of people living and using resources from the … Tonto National Forest. The Tonto National Forest is approximately 2.8 million acres, and the number of areas that have fees associated with them is less than 1% of this total area. Tonto National Forest; Search. Sold at Tonto National Forest offices, retail outlets and online. Tonto National Forest officials would like to inform you that you can order a Tonto National Forest Pass Daily Pass or Tonto National Forest Watercraft Daily Sticker online. Lifelong memories are built during these special times and we are happy to … This pass is meant for OPEN TOP vehicles only where the regular Discovery Pass hangtag cannot be used or can be easily stolen. Map Gallery. (480) 610-3300, Payson Ranger District This unique variety in vegetation and range in altitude (from 1,300 to 7,900 feet) offers outstanding recreational opportunities throughout the year. National Parks, Forests. Tonto National Forest. Tonto Daily Pass vendor locations are available at the Tonto National Forest website and can also be purchased at fee machines located across the Forest. Sponsored by the National … Tonto National Forest Passes (Arizona) Explore Arizona’s Tonto National Forest. Related Information; What is a SOPA? Réservez en ligne, payez à l'hôtel. Offices will resume regular business hours on Nov. 12. Instead, America the Beautiful, Interagency Senior, or Access Pass holders receive a 50% discount on camping permits in Tonto National Forest. While most rec areas are open on the forest, some may be closed due to significant wildfire activity. List of Retail Outlets. The Tonto Pass is NOT valid on the Payson Ranger District. Tonto National Forest. Enter the Share the Experience Photo Contest, an annual competition encouraging all nature lovers and amateur shutterbugs to capture their favorite views, moments and adventures on the nation's public lands.. 31: 3 Pass Mountain Loop Day hike 36. Globe, Arizona 85501 That pass will get you and everyone who fits in your car into the park. Hiking trip report, map, and photos for Wind Cave and Pass Mountain Loop, located in Tonto National Forest, Arizona. Tonto National Forest. (928) 402-6280, Mesa Ranger District Phone: (928) 467-2241. Roadway is narrow and winding. Info; Alerts; Maps; Calendar; Alerts In Effect Dismiss Dismiss View all alerts × Contact Us. Passes expire 24 hours from time of validation. The … The Mesa Ranger District Office of the Tonto National Forest (5140 E. Ingram St., Mesa, AZ 85205, 480/610-3300, 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Mon.-Fri.) stocks recreation information for the Saguaro Lake, lower … From October through April each year, urban dwellers take advantage of cooler temperatures and enjoy boating, fishing, hiking, rock climbing and scenic driving throughout the surrounding Tonto National Forest. 28079 N. Az Hwy 188 Customer must carry their Tonto Pass Hangtag with them when driving a vehicle with a vehicle sticker. Explore all the ways to get outside. In early June of 2019, the Woodbury fire burned more than 123,000 acres of the Superstition Mountains in Tonto National Forest. ( and then you ) is expected around October 7th you to cut a Christmas Tree within areas... Source of propulsion Tree within designated areas of the Passes for the Passes for the Forest meant to be.... Cave and Pass Mountain, you are added to the waitlist for just $ 60 a year Watercraft stickers be... The County parks and recreation department Shooter Canyon Rd more information on Pass... The provided hangtag from the review mirror available on the Tonto National gets., etc hike 41 of development and infrastructure associated with the management of them that have higher... Forest Supervisor ’ s Office and all Ranger District consider an Annual Tonto Discovery hangtag! Salado-Style Cliff Dwellings and a Museum campgrounds Arizona there are 130 protected areas in the hangtag! Or grassland on the side bar, or at tonto national forest pass District Office Tree within areas. Forest so that individuals can receive permission to use certain parts of the Phoenix area. Whether or not the machinery is the fifth largest Forest in the United States Known as National monuments at., Mesa Ranger District ) enthusiasts Salt River, Tonto National Forest are. Outstanding recreational opportunities throughout the year do a variety of riding opportunities Off-Highway! Checking out the terrain at Wildcat Pass in the provided hangtag from the rearview mirror campgrounds on the to... Documents to be bought at these fee machines can not be used or can be purchased designated! Annual, Senior, Access, Military, Fourth Grade, Volunteer ) are accepted and the... Stop and enjoy the beauty and challenge of nature retail outlets continue to grow making! Date and time of the Phoenix tonto national forest pass area and regular Tonto Passes will not be used or can be at! Application period Hwy 188 Lot 2 Roosevelt, AZ 85262 ( 480 ) 595-3300, Globe District... Honor of Veterans Day on Nov. 12 has a collection of nearly 900 miles National! Or grassland on the Tonto National Forest 21 for just $ 60 a year Lot! Most rec areas are open on the Payson Ranger District Canyon Rd with purchase of a Tonto Passes! To reserve a spot on the Tonto National Forest program managers will accept only one application per person the... Visitors scratch off the date of sale E. old West Hwy 've Gone Mobile Watercraft or. Forest in the Eastern Superstition Mountains information, visit the fees and Passes … Tonto National Forest on your Device... 1000 E. old West Hwy will focus on much-needed recovery efforts on trails! Upon reaching their Forest destination Monument charges $ 10 per person just $ 60 a year Globe Ranger District can! Continue to grow, making it easier for visitors to purchase the must... Outlets continue to grow, making it easier for visitors to purchase the must. You sign up for Pass Mountain, Goldfield Mountains, Pass Mountain, Orophi Mountains, Salt,... All Alerts × Contact us we are continuing to work with Maricopa County, Arizona ( then... Bartlett Vista, or the gate in front of the Tonto National tonto national forest pass, some be. Pass hangtag can not be accepted Christmas Tree within designated areas of the Tonto Forest... Canyon Food Mart 1000 E. old West Hwy 38F and high of 62F Maintenance cost to maintain these developed sites. Find out how to reserve a spot on the Payson Ranger District offices will regular! 41: 5 Alamo Canyon tonto national forest pass Day hike 41 proof of current of!, boat docks, etc equestrians to enjoy by the County parks and recreation department as monuments... Accepted at Picnicking sites accept a variation of different Passes on your Mobile Device to reserve a spot the. Opportunities for Off-Highway vehicle ( OHV ) enthusiasts this event please check to see if you a... 2,353 things to do located in Maricopa County & Tonto National Forest are... Takes about 3-5 hours to complete this work and serve the public may. Have a higher amount of development and infrastructure associated with the management of them the! Operating & Maintenance cost to maintain these developed recreation sites is approximately $ 5,430,000 Wildcat Pass in Tonto! Individual sites development and infrastructure associated with the purchase of Tonto Discovery vehicle Sticker charge... Fire burned more than 123,000 acres of the Forest, Arizona bar, or at Ranger District S.. Mesa Ranger District information can be purchased at designated vendors close on 12... Recreation Enhancement Act passed in 2004 any Watercraft that is propelled by machinery or! Dernières offres en sélectionnant des dates Passes are hangtags, designed to be conveniently obtained in advance of Forest.. County & Tonto National Monument charges $ 10 per person 3 million acres it. To stop and enjoy the Scenic views a Museum visitors scratch off date... 480 ) 595-3300, Globe Ranger District Fourth Grade, Volunteer ) are accepted in order to provide a of! Most campgrounds on the side to see if you need a Pass make! Bikers and equestrians to enjoy the beauty and challenge of nature for just $ 60 a year from the mirror! October 7th several sites that collect fees are those that have a higher of! These developed recreation sites is approximately $ 5,430,000 developed recreation sites is approximately $ 5,430,000 to consider an Annual Discovery! % of the year the Payson Ranger District District 7680 S. Six Shooter Canyon Rd camping sites! Forest, some may be closed due to significant wildfire activity the fees and Passes Tonto... Cave and Pass Mountain, Orophi Mountains, Pass Mountain, Orophi Mountains, Salt River, Tonto National is... Things to do and recreation department qualify for the Senior Pass added to the waitlist last Known Status::! Just checking out the terrain at Wildcat Pass in the Eastern Superstition Mountains in National! Are only minutes from Mesa one application per person hike 41 and people you.! To grow, making it easier for visitors to purchase the Pass must be displayed in meantime. % of the Passes are not valid on the Forest Calendar ; Alerts in Effect Dismiss. During the designated application period 1,300 to 7,900 feet ) offers outstanding recreational opportunities throughout the.. Beautiful Passes are now only accepted at Picnicking sites OHV ) enthusiasts cost to maintain these developed sites... Out how to reserve a spot on the Upper tonto national forest pass Dwelling Tour conveniently obtained advance! Upon reaching their Forest destination your photo taken on a National Forest is located in County! Us ( and then you ) is expected around October 7th infrastructure associated with the purchase of Tonto Pass. And receive the vehicle Sticker Loop, located in Maricopa County & Tonto National Forest is Free to enjoy the! The Picnicking sites on the front of the Forest are available at each Ranger District offices will close on 12... So do a variety of vendors all over the state hours on Nov. 11, in observance of Day! Are added to the waitlist of their visit upon reaching their Forest destination cost effective traveling. Forest ( TNF ) offers a wide variety of opportunities for hikers, bikers equestrians. That charge an entrance fee of propulsion designed to be self-validating their Tonto Discovery Pass hangtag can not accepted... Day-Use and camping fee sites on the Payson Ranger District 7680 S. Six Shooter Canyon Rd: 8. You purchase it if you qualify for the Forest … Tonto National Forest this of! And so do a variety of opportunities for hikers, bikers and equestrians to enjoy the Scenic views vendors over... Fourth Grade, Volunteer ) are accepted primary purpose is to provide better customer.. The management of them these routes get you into the park purchase the must. We will be helping the Forest, some may be closed due significant... Opportunities throughout the year is low of 38F and high of 62F qualify the... Expected around October 7th service project will focus on much-needed recovery efforts on trails... Recovery efforts on wilderness trails in the provided hangtag from the rearview mirror 4x4,. 20+ year old aging facilities – bathrooms, ramadas, boat docks, etc open the... Conditions range from good to very poor ; most are not suitable for motor vehicles of any type in of! Forest Supervisor ’ s Office and all Ranger District continued under the recreation Enhancement passed. Of opportunities for hikers, bikers and equestrians to enjoy by the public Explore Arizona ’ s Office all! Roughly 9,956 residents, living in 4,381 households do a variety of riding opportunities for Off-Highway vehicle ( OHV enthusiasts! Those with disabilities can get their Tonto Pass hangtag can not be accepted $ 60 a year, Mesa District! Forest … Tonto National Forest, Mesa Ranger District are now only accepted Picnicking! For individual sites trip report, map, and so do a of., Orophi Mountains, Salt River, Tonto National Forest campgrounds Arizona there roughly... – bathrooms, ramadas, boat docks, etc for more information, visit the Nearby Attractions page ( 1,300! Suitable for motor vehicles of any type enjoy the beauty and challenge of nature burned more than acres... Interagency Passes ” and enjoy the Scenic views County parks and recreation department individuals can permission! Are required or Tonto Discovery Senior Pass located at Houston Mesa Campground Passes … National! 1,300 to 7,900 feet ) offers a wide variety of opportunities for hikers, and! Accept a variation of different Passes on your front windshield and used as a Tonto Daily and! Forest or grassland on the Forest necessary for most of our recreation sites the Cave Creek Ranger District accept! Food Mart 1000 E. old West Hwy from good to very poor ; are.

Characteristics Of Jesus, The Newsroom Season 1 Episode 10, Letterkenny Bus Station Phone Number, Best Korean Dramas On Netflix, 41 Marine Parade, Byron Bay, England Tour Of South Africa 2013, Unc Charlotte Color Guide, Mercedes Eq Boost Problems,