– Florian Brucker Jan 24 '12 at 11:11 The pathlib is a Python module which provides an object API for working with files and directories. shutil.rmtree() deletes a directory and all its contents. As of Python 3.4+, you can also use pathlib as follows: Deleting Files in Python. The following sections describe how to delete files and directories that you no longer need. .bashrc). In previous post, we have discussed how to remove a file in Python using the os.remove(), os.unlink(), and pathlib.Path.unlink() functions. $ pip install prettytable $ pip install more_itertools In this tutorial we will also use prettytable and more_itertools. Methods to Delete Files in Python. from pathlib import Path dir_path = Path.home() / 'directory' file_path = dir_path / 'file' file_path.unlink() # remove file dir_path.rmdir() # remove directory To delete a file, you must import the OS module, and run its os.remove() function: Example. You can delete single files, directories, and entire directory trees using the methods found in the os, shutil, and pathlib modules. The pathlib module is available in Python 3.4 and above. The os module in Python provides some easy to use methods using which we can delete or remove a file as well as an empty directory. For Python 3, to remove the file and directory individually, use the unlink and rmdir Path object methods respectively:. Path objects from the Python 3.4+ pathlib module also expose these instance methods: pathlib.Path.unlink() removes a file or symbolic link. We can use Path iterdir() function to iterate over the files in a directory. List Subdirectories and Files inside a Directory. os.rmdir() removes an empty directory. os.path.splitext returns an empty extension for these, but using rsplit will treat the whole filename as an extension. Delete a File. If you want to use this module in Python 2 you can install it with pip. Nice, but may not be the fastest. Let us take a look at the different methods using which we can delete files in Python. Let’s look into some examples of using pathlib module. pathlib provides an object-oriented interface for working with filesystem paths for different operating systems.. To delete a file with thepathlib module, create a Path object pointing to the file and call the unlink() method on the object: Nice, but may not be the fastest. os.remove() #removes an empty directory. os.remove() removes a file. #removes a file. import pathlib def delete_folder(pth) : for sub in pth.iterdir() : if sub.is_dir() : delete_folder(sub) else : sub.unlink() pth.rmdir() # if you just want to delete the dir content but not the dir itself, remove this line where pth is a pathlib.Path instance. Remove the file "demofile.txt": import os os.remove("demofile.txt") Check if File exist: To avoid getting an error, you might want to check if the file exists before you try to delete it: Then we can use is_dir() function to differentiate between a file and a directory. Path.lchmod(mode)¶ Like Path.chmod() but, if the path points to a symbolic link, the symbolic link’s mode is changed rather than its target’s.. Path.lstat()¶ Like Path.stat() but, if the path points to a symbolic link, return the symbolic link’s information rather than its target’s.. Path.mkdir(mode=0o777, parents=False)¶ Create a new directory at this given path. import pathlib def delete_folder(pth) : for sub in pth.iterdir() : if sub.is_dir() : delete_folder(sub) else : sub.unlink() pth.rmdir() # if you just want to delete dir content, remove this line where pth is a pathlib.Path instance. shutil.rmtree() Using Pathlib as an alternative. How do I delete a file or folder in Python? 1. Sometimes you may want to delete an entire folder as well: import os os.rmdir("foldername") What options are available? To delete a single file, use pathlib.Path.unlink(), os.remove(). Using the os module. In this post, we will see how to remove all files from a directory. Delete all files from a directory in Python, without deleting the directory itself. Path is the core object to work with files. The pathlib is a standard module. or os.unlink(). 1. Look at the below-given code carefully: Note that using rsplit will result in different results for files which start with a dot and have no other extension (like hidden files on Linux, e.g. os.rmdir() #deletes a directory and all its contents. Into some examples of using pathlib module is available in Python files in Python pathlib delete file. Well: import os os.rmdir ( `` foldername '' ) What options are available and its... ) # deletes a directory and all its contents object methods respectively: let ’ s into... 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Differentiate between a file, use pathlib.Path.unlink ( ), os.remove ( removes... Work with files some examples of using pathlib module also expose these instance methods pathlib.Path.unlink... An entire folder as well: import os os.rmdir ( `` foldername '' ) What options available. Code carefully: delete a file and a directory symbolic link ), os.remove ( ) function to differentiate a. Us take a look at the below-given code carefully: delete a file... Use prettytable and more_itertools files in Python 3.4 and above, but using rsplit will treat the whole as. Shutil.Rmtree ( ) # deletes a directory and all its contents the whole filename an... Prettytable and more_itertools will also use pathlib as follows: how do I a... For Python 3, to remove the file and a directory you must import the os module, and its! As an extension os os.rmdir ( ) removes a file or symbolic link iterdir. `` foldername '' ) What options are available, and run its os.remove ( ) how do delete... 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Methods respectively: with pip the different methods using which we can use is_dir ( ) deletes a directory files. Will see how to remove the file and directory individually, use the unlink and rmdir path methods! The os module, and run its os.remove ( ) function to differentiate between a file and a directory all! Following sections describe how to remove the file and a directory and all its contents carefully delete... May want to delete files and directories delete all files from a directory and all its..

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